Episode #1104: In this episode of the Arete Coach Podcast, Severin Sorensen, Executive Coach and Curator of AreteCoach.io, explores OpenAI’s ChatGPT application along with “10 technologies that changed the world and the next 10 technologies likely to change it again.” Severin discusses ChatGPT’s current functionality, potential use in coaching settings, and other nuances on how to get the most from this new technology. Listeners are given examples of ChatGPT and how to redirect the AI tool when greater insights are desired. Tune in for an episode on ChatGPT, the impact of AI on today’s workforce, Clayton Christensen’s The Innovator’s Dilemma, and a forecast of technologies that will change the world as we know it.
About Severin Sorensen
Severin Sorensen is a serial entrepreneur and lifetime learner with a passionate curiosity for people and businesses. Severin is the CEO of ePraxis LLC, a premier level retained search firm that provides executive headhunting, talent selection, and executive coaching. In addition to finding top talent, Severin has provided over 8,000+ hours of paid executive coaching to entrepreneurs, CEOs, Presidents, and C-level executives. Severin is an ICF ACSTH Certified Executive Coach, Certified Organizational Development Coach, Certified Life Coach, and Certified Positive Intelligence® Coach. Severin is the founder/producer of a new podcast, Arete Coach, that explores the art and science of executive coaching with some of the industry's best coaches.
From 2010-2018 Severin was also a Vistage Chair where he coached three CEO and key executive groups. In 2011, Severin received the "Rookie of the Year Chair Award" from Vistage. Since 2013, Severin has added international speaking for Vistage, CEO conferences, executive peer groups, and corporations on the topic of identifying and hiring difference-making top talent.
After graduate school, Severin moved to Washington, DC, where he worked on security-related economic and public policy issues that included a brief stint in The White House, as a Special Assistant to the President, for George H. Bush (POTUS 41). In 1994, Severin founded Sparta Consulting Corp., and Sparta provided world-class physical security and safety related management consulting services for public and private sector entities. From 1994-2002, Severin managed HUD's Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design technical assistance and training program. In 2005, Severin sold Sparta to Westec Interactive (Digital Witness), which was subsequently acquired by Interface Security.
Severin, a native Californian, grew up in Salt Lake City, UT and graduated with honors from the University of Utah with Economics and Political Science degrees. He completed graduate studies in economics at King's College, Cambridge University (England), where he earned a M.Phil. degree in Economics. Severin has a great love and appreciation for sports, and while overseas, Severin rowed for the King's College Boat Club, and played basketball for the Cambridge University Basketball Team (1986-87).
10 technologies that have changed the world
Using ChatGPT, Severin outlines the 10 technologies that have most changed the world.
Wheels that “allowed for the development of transportation… the movement of goods… [and] the development of agriculture.”
The printing press which “facilitated the dissemination of knowledge and information” and has “been instrumental in the development of democracy and the free exchange of ideas.”
Steam engines which “revolutionized transportation and industry.”
Internal combustion engines which had a “major impact on transportation and industry.”
Telephones as they “greatly improved communication.”
Computers which have automated “many tasks and made it possible to process and store vast amounts of information quickly and efficiently.”
Electricity that allowed “for the development of electric motors” that run a variety of devices.
Antibiotics for their impact on health.
Airplanes as they have “revolutionized transportation.”
Space transportation which is “made available by early technologies that were discovered in the use of the airplane.”
The next 10 technologies to change the world
There are a variety of new technologies currently underway that could impact our world greatly. Such technology includes: artificial intelligence and machine learning, quantum computing, renewable energy technologies, autonomous vehicles, biotechnology and gene editing, advanced robotics, virtual and augmented reality, blockchain and distributed ledger technology, the Internet of Things, 3D printing and advanced manufacturing technologies.
The Innovator’s Dilemma
Clayton Christensen’s, The Innovator’s Dilemma, explores the concept of disruptive innovation. Disruptive innovation is “a process by which a new entrant to a market can successfully challenge established companies by offering a lower cost or a lower quality product or service that is initially considered inferior by consumers.” Examples of industries that have faced the innovator's dilemma include the digital photography industry (Kodak), the music industry (online streaming), and the automotive industry (electric cars).
What is ChatGPT and how to use it
Severin introduces listeners to ChatGPT and shares examples of how the questions it is given produce different results. Severin shares examples of questions he asks ChatGPT and ChatGPT’s responses to these questions. He also explains and gives examples of how questions can be elaborated on for more specific responses. Severin asks ChatGPT to offer specific examples, estimated guesses, and for elaborations on given data.
Examining the use of ChatGPT today
After examining some examples of ChatGPT prompts and responses, Severin discusses the use of ChatGPT today. He states that ChatGPT “only provides a skeleton of data where you need to have experts or others with wisdom come in to apply. The human being is not removed from this process.” Severin relates this to the words of Socrates who states that the “problem lies in our questions, not the answers.” Additionally, Severin shares how ChatGPT can provide good examples from general literature, but it does not prioritize the data by coefficient ranked statistical significance.
AI and the workplace/workforce
Severin discusses the impact that AI can have on the workforce. He states that AI “is likely to disrupt the workforce in several ways” including the automation of many tasks currently performed by human workers. This can shift the workforce and displace those workers who complete “routine and repetitive tasks.” These displaced workers “may need to develop new skills and expertise in order to remain competitive in the job market.” Additionally, AI is “likely to affect the way that work is organized and managed” as it enables “more efficient and effective ways of working.” This can spur on changes in management and organizational structures to adapt to the “new ways of working.”
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